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What is self-confidence ?

Self-confidence is an important part of personality, determining to what extent people realize their potential, abilities and limits, how they evaluate themselves, and to what extent they trust in their abilities to stand various life situations. There is also a connection with whether one likes and respects himself or herself.
Note: In the sphere of self-attitude a lot of conceptions are used – self-confidence, self-reliance, self-respect, self-esteem, self-reverence and a few others. Each of these conceptions can be defined in a slightly different way, but in this issue we do not distinguish them, because in common language they do not differentiate dramatically and are often used interchangeably.

You can see below, that the level of self-confidence influences all areas of human life:

People With Healthy Self-confidence

People With Disturbed Self-confidence

Relationship / Marriage

:: They love their partner and they also can be by themselves.
:: They do not expect their partner to read their thoughts, so if they want something, they just say it.
:: They absolutely respect the others. Disagreement is expressed in an appropriate manner.
:: They know that it is not impossible for the partner to be unfaithful or to leave, but they do not envy nor think of these possibilities constantly. They try to do their best and that is all that matters.

:: They are dependent on their partner.
:: They can not form a relationship.
:: They do not express their needs.
:: Some of them are rather alone and therefore suffer from loneliness.
:: They ill treat their partner.
:: They are envious.
:: They have a fear of being abandoned.

Work / Study

:: They do not avoid difficult tasks.
:: They can organize their time and determine priorities.
:: They always try to do their best.
:: Error and failures are taken as information about what to improve or what to do in some other way.
:: They reasonably divide their time between work and leisure.
:: They apply and amplify their potential.

:: They postpone their duties.
:: They find it difficult to determine priorities.
:: They are punctilious and/or a perfectionist.
:: They are afraid of failure and making errors.
:: They are workaholics (it is either compensation for inner emptiness or a result of work postponing) or slackers.
:: They do not apply their potential.

Economic Welfare

Within this range there does not need to be a difference between self-confident people and the opposite ones. There is no doubt, that among people who do not posses healthy self-esteem there are lots of those who are, as for their economic welfare, extremely successful. What is questionable, is the causes and motives (why they try and how come they succeed) and the effects (how they can enjoy their material things ).

:: Causes and motives:
:: They try to succeed.
:: They try to use their abilities.

:: Effects:
:: They know how to enjoy their prosperity.
:: They have more free and less careworn lives.

:: Causes and motives:
:: They try to avoid failure.
:: Work is here to compensate for their inner tension.
:: They want to be better than the others not just for being better but so they do not feel inferior.

:: Effects:
:: They can not enjoy their prosperity. Psychologically, they are poor.
:: They fear for the welfare to endure, they are afraid of tapping out and the like.

Leisure time:

:: They can rest.
:: They enjoy sports and various activities and do not need to be the best.
:: More active doings.

:: They can not really rest.
:: They unsoundly compete even in leisure time activities, taking offence at losing.
:: More passive entertainment (TV, PC games etc.).


:: They are psychologically comfortable which positively influences both mental and physical health:
   :: They are less prone to illnesses.
   :: They regain health faster.
   :: Eventual dispositions for some diseases do not need to be activated at all.

:: They always or often find themselves in a state of mental strain which negatively influences both mental and physical health:
   :: They are more prone to illnesses.
   :: They regain health more slowly .
   :: They sustain more injuries.
   :: Diseases (e.g. depression, schizophrenia, panic disorder), to which they have dispositions, can break out, whereas without a starter (stress, tension etc.) these diseases wouldn't have to show.


:: They say "yes" when they want to say "yes" and they say "no" when they want to say "no".
:: Refusal and critique is not taken personally by them.
:: They willingly accept deserved praise.
:: They ask for what they need.
:: Their behaviour is healthily assertive.

:: They can not say "yes" and "no" according to what they really want .
:: They tolerate refusal and critique hardly – both are taken as a general refusal of the whole person.
:: They don't know how to accept praise.
:: It is difficult for them to express their needs.
:: They act either submissively or aggressively.


:: They posses a much higher rate of life satisfaction.
:: They are optimistic.
:: They trust their own effort and will.

:: They experience a much lower rate of life satisfaction.
:: They tend to pessimism.
:: They feel their effort can not influence anything all the same.

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